Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates

6.4/10 job score
risk level
by 2031
or $71.16 hourly
as of 2021

What is the risk of automation?

We calculate this occupation to have an automation risk score of 21% (No worries)

More information on what this score is, and how it is calculated
Qualities required for this occupation:
Social Perceptiveness
very important
quite important
[Show all metrics]

What do you think the risk of automation is?

How likely do you think this occupation will be taken over by robots/AI within the next 20 years?

How quickly is this occupation growing?

The number of 'Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates' job openings is expected to decline by -0.6% by 2031
'Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates' is expected to be a very slow growing occupation in comparison to other occupations.
* Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics for the period between 2021 and 2031.
Updated projections are due Sep 2023.

What are the median wages for 'Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates' in the United States?

In 2021 the median annual wage for 'Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates' was $148,030, or $71.16 hourly
'Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates' are paid 223.5% higher than the national median wage, which stands at $45,760
* Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics

How many people are employed as judges, magistrate judges, and magistrates?

As of 2021 there were 27,790 people employed as Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates within the United States.
This represents around 0.02% of the employed workforce across the country.
Put another way, around 1 in 5 thousand people are employed as Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates.

Job description

Arbitrate, advise, adjudicate, or administer justice in a court of law. May sentence defendant in criminal cases according to government statutes or sentencing guidelines. May determine liability of defendant in civil cases. May perform wedding ceremonies.

SOC Code: 23-1023.00


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I ate your burger that you left in the fridge (Could go either way) says
Honestly, I'm leaning towards no, but I'm already seeing some robot lawyers. And if lawyers are replaced, won't judges be replaced as well? But yet again, judges make laws. And it is a bit hard to imagine a robot making laws.
Aug 18, 2021 at 05:10 PM
N (Small Chance) says
I don't think judges will be replaced by AI/robots. Like someone else said, judges do not only follow laws, they also help make them. Imagine a robot help make a law, it's hard to imagine for me. I also feel that sure, technology will improve later, and robots will be more like humans, and possibly be better than many of them. But I feel like judges are in an OKAY, spot.
May 28, 2021 at 02:10 PM
john (Highly likely) says
At least a robot will be impartial and cannot be bribed
May 07, 2021 at 04:18 AM
marc (Small chance) says
Sentencing is grounded on choice.
Apr 28, 2021 at 06:13 PM
K (Small chance) says
small chance because when judges will be automated then lawyer need to be automated
Sep 05, 2020 at 09:11 AM
Darp (No chance) says
Why are you argumenting the percentage with the grey area of the job? It's
an argument for why they won't be replaced in my opinion. Just imagine a drug dealer and a
person having the drug because they believe it would help their dying grandmother, how can they both serve the same sentance for possesion?
Jan 29, 2020 at 07:48 PM
Judgemental (Highly likely) says
Judges are people who have prejudices based upon experience and are unconsciously biased. The same case tried by all judges would never produce the same outcome. It’s a flawed system, and a lottery. Good luck to those who are innocent and falsely accused.
Sep 23, 2019 at 08:32 PM
jac says
judges dont just follow laws. they change laws and base decisions on moral grey area and circumstance. perhaps traffic court will have robot judges but i doubt we will ever see a robot in federal or supreme courts. mercy, compassion, and social understanding should never be expected from a machine.
May 28, 2019 at 10:45 PM
Elliott (Highly likely) says
Laws are very easy to interpret, I'm very sure the Internet already has the answer to 99.9% of all questions regarding whether something should be categorized as a felony or not. The United States has made up its mind on almost everything, I don't think judges really use their imagination to do this job, they just follow instructions as guided in the rules book.That's why I think the chances are much higher than 40%.

That's why I think the judges' probability of automation is closer to 95% than 40%, much like the accountants.
Apr 21, 2019 at 10:34 AM
Legal Services (Extremely unlikely) says
Laws by definition are not very easy to interpret. Hence the necessity to have lawyers and Judges deliberate in court over the interpretation of different laws and Acts and is why, for example, in Australia we have the Acts Interpretation Act.

I agree with jac. I think it's highly unlikely Judges will be replaced by robots/A.I. anytime in the near or distant future if at all not only because of the complicated nature of what their jobs entails, secondly, the human touch required to do so as jac touched upon and, thirdly, because on a deeper, more philosophical but also more tantamount level, to do so would, essentially, be surrendering our core and fundamental power as human beings to govern our own kind. If we were to hand over judiciary powers and control to A.I. we would effectively be putting mankind on the bench forever. It would tear the core fabric of our humanity and everything the human race has achieved thus far in all antiquity and hopes to achieve in all future and for those reasons and more, I believe, simply could not and would not ever happen.

So, realistically, I think the automation risk level of this particular category should be reassessed to almost zero because anyone in their right mind with any semblance of logic and understanding of the justice system couldn't possibly surmise that it could realistically be awarded a percentile score that such could happen higher than that.
Aug 06, 2019 at 10:25 AM

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