Tool and Die Makers

risk level
Based on 79 votes
-6.4 %
by year 2032
or $29.56 per hour
as of 2023

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Automation risk

88% (Imminent Risk)

Imminent Risk (81-100%): Occupations in this level have an extremely high likelihood of being automated in the near future. These jobs consist primarily of repetitive, predictable tasks with little need for human judgment.

More information on what this score is, and how it is calculated is available here.

Some quite important qualities of the job are difficult to automate:

  • Finger Dexterity

  • Manual Dexterity

User poll

54% chance of full automation within the next two decades

Our visitors have voted they are unsure if this occupation will be automated. However, the automation risk level we have generated suggests a much higher chance of automation: 88% chance of automation.

What do you think the risk of automation is?

What is the likelihood that Tool and Die Makers will be replaced by robots or artificial intelligence within the next 20 years?


The following graph(s) are included wherever there is a substantial amount of votes to render meaningful data. These visual representations display user poll results over time, providing a significant indication of sentiment trends.

Sentiment over time (yearly)


Very slow growth relative to other professions.

The number of 'Tool and Die Makers' job openings is expected to decline 6.4% by 2032

Total employment, and estimated job openings

* Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics for the period between 2021 and 2031
Updated projections are due 09-2023.


Moderately paid relative to other professions

In 2023, the median annual wage for 'Tool and Die Makers' was $61,490, or $29 per hour

'Tool and Die Makers' were paid 27.9% higher than the national median wage, which stood at $48,060

Wages over time

* Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics


Moderate range of job opportunities compared to other professions

As of 2023 there were 58,150 people employed as 'Tool and Die Makers' within the United States.

This represents around < 0.001% of the employed workforce across the country

Put another way, around 1 in 2 thousand people are employed as 'Tool and Die Makers'.

Job description

Analyze specifications, lay out metal stock, set up and operate machine tools, and fit and assemble parts to make and repair dies, cutting tools, jigs, fixtures, gauges, and machinists' hand tools.

SOC Code: 51-4111.00


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ralph kulas (No chance) says
been one all my life. I'm 76 yr old. Most things in die making a robot just cant do!!
Jun 30, 2023 at 09:54 PM
N (Low) says
There’s a lot of thinking a toolmaker does that a robot can’t really be taught to compete with, the problem lies with a lot of the younger generations not seeing it as a viable trade or one that even exists for that matter
Mar 24, 2023 at 08:10 PM
eric eliason (Low) says
increasing need for support for nc fixtures etc.
lack of skilled workers for one-off jobs not worth programming
Mar 13, 2021 at 03:21 PM
Iron man says
CNC and 3D print is a tool to make a part and a part of the job. Making the part is only a fraction of the trade. Engineered prints are always incomplete or incorrect because engineering is a world of theory and trades like tool and die maker are where theory meets reality. Pre WW2 engineering didn’t even exist the tool maker was the engineer.
Dec 04, 2020 at 12:11 AM
Tim Postma (Highly likely) says
because of more modern ways then tool and die such as digital manufacturing , its easier to just cnc mill or 3dprinting & will eventually out pace traditional jobs in the supply chain but keep in mind to have a future to get future jobs its important to accept automation and retool the skills needed because learning automation skills like coding and 3dprinting will make those people a opportunity
Dec 29, 2019 at 06:21 PM

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