(Except Hydrologists and Geographers)

risk level
Based on 162 votes
by year 2032
or $44.51 per hour
as of 2023

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Automation risk

19% (Minimal Risk)

Minimal Risk (0-20%): Occupations in this category have a low probability of being automated, as they typically demand complex problem-solving, creativity, strong interpersonal skills, and a high degree of manual dexterity. These jobs often involve intricate hand movements and precise coordination, making it difficult for machines to replicate the required tasks.

More information on what this score is, and how it is calculated is available here.

Some quite important qualities of the job are difficult to automate:

  • Originality

  • Social Perceptiveness

User poll

33% chance of full automation within the next two decades

Our visitors have voted there's a low chance this occupation will be automated. This assessment is further supported by the calculated automation risk level, which estimates 19% chance of automation.

What do you think the risk of automation is?

What is the likelihood that Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers will be replaced by robots or artificial intelligence within the next 20 years?


The following graph(s) are included wherever there is a substantial amount of votes to render meaningful data. These visual representations display user poll results over time, providing a significant indication of sentiment trends.

Sentiment over time (yearly)


Moderate growth relative to other professions

The number of 'Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers' job openings is expected to rise 5.0% by 2032

Total employment, and estimated job openings

* Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics for the period between 2021 and 2031
Updated projections are due 09-2023.


High paid relative to other professions

In 2023, the median annual wage for 'Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers' was $92,580, or $44 per hour

'Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers' were paid 92.6% higher than the national median wage, which stood at $48,060

Wages over time

* Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics


Lower range of job opportunities compared to other professions

As of 2023 there were 24,620 people employed as 'Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers' within the United States.

This represents around < 0.001% of the employed workforce across the country

Put another way, around 1 in 6 thousand people are employed as 'Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers'.

Job description

Study the composition, structure, and other physical aspects of the Earth. May use geological, physics, and mathematics knowledge in exploration for oil, gas, minerals, or underground water; or in waste disposal, land reclamation, or other environmental problems. May study the Earth's internal composition, atmospheres, and oceans, and its magnetic, electrical, and gravitational forces. Includes mineralogists, paleontologists, stratigraphers, geodesists, and seismologists.

SOC Code: 19-2042.00


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Eliana (No chance) says
to be a geoscientist you need to travel in the field, collect rocks, analyze sequences, understand and interpret what are you seeing. Maybe AI can help, but you really need to build a full terminator to replace a geologist.
Jun 07, 2023 at 06:10 PM
Rui Bernardino (No chance) says
Geologists don't work with numbers, they work with human common sense, theoretical geology ofen doesn't apply in the real world, so you can program a robot that knows everything and it will be dumbfounded when it finds a yellow basalt (yes they exist). Some tasks we do may be automated, sutch as calculations and rock thin section descriptions, that will only allow us to be more productive and focous on the aspects that really matter. There is no replacement for human geometric thinking and thus no way geologists will be replaced by robots
May 18, 2023 at 08:46 PM
Moyin Ade says
As a student Geologist I agree but I think you’ll still need a Geologist to program the robot. Even in Car manufacturing assembly line still has engineers. Correct/advise me if I’m wrong.👍
Nov 29, 2020 at 12:03 AM
Faisal Ali says
When your talking about a (Geologist) this occupation isn't really going to be ''automated'' cause' this work needs to be done by a human not really by computerized bots. I disagree with that but let's say an archaeologist place it'll be possible to replace the work of an archaeologist by AI cause recently AI has discovered some archaeological data that was yrs ago.

I believe that this occupation will still live. It will not most likely be taken by AI I'm 100% confident.
Apr 29, 2020 at 11:13 PM
E says
Paleontologists probably not. While robots can have extreme precision, humans can see things which AI programs can't
Aug 08, 2019 at 05:14 AM
leo says
AI can see things that human can't see, not the opposite.
Aug 06, 2020 at 04:47 PM

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